Waste incineration and many other industrial processes generate flue gases. These often contain pollutants such as sulfur oxides (SO2 + SO3), hydrochloric acid (HCl), hydrofluoric acid (HF) as well as heavy metals, dioxins and furans. Lime, hydrated lime and limestone-based products are highly efficient reagents for capturing contaminants. When mixed with other components, they also remove so-called micro-pollutants. Hydrated lime is also widely used to adjust the pH of water to prepare it for further treatment.